Some verbs do not require any objects to express their meaning. The action they express is complete by itself. These are called intransitive verbs.
|The dog||will bark|
However, some verbs require an object (the receiver of the action) to complete their meaning. These are called transitive verbs. Transitive verbs cannot make sense unless they are followed by a direct object. A direct object tells who or what received the action of the verb.
|Jorge||mailed||a letter. (What did Jorge mail? A letter.)|
|Julia||bought||a bicycle. (What did Julia buy? A bicycle.)|
|We||saw||our friends. (Whom did we see? Our friends.)|
Some verbs can be either transitive or intransitive, depending on how they are used.
- Intransitive: My arm hurts.
- Transitive: I hurt my arm. (What did I hurt? My arm.)
In this example, the verb to hurt has two distinct meanings. The intransitive form means “to have a sensation of pain.” The transitive form means “to cause injury to.”