Present progressive tense indicates an action currently in progress or actively taking place.
- She is talking to her friends right now.
- We are negotiating with a new supplier.
- The cookies are baking, and they will be ready soon.
The pattern for forming present progressive tense is as follows:
- Present tense form of be + present participle
The present participle is the base form of the verb with –ing added to the end. If the base form of the verb ends in consonant + e , drop the e before adding –ing. If the base form of the verb ends in vowel + consonant, double the consonant if the word has only one syllable. (An exception to this pattern is oo + consonant, as in look or cook.)
- march → marching
- ache → aching
- hit → hitting
- But: snoop → snooping
To form the negative, place not between the auxiliary be and the present participle. To form a question, move the auxiliary to the beginning of the sentence, before the subject.
- She is talking to her friends.
- She is not talking to her friends.
- Is she talking to her friends?
The verb go is a special case among present progressive tense verbs. Go is often used in a specific construction:
- Present tense form of be + going + to + base form of another verb
This construction always expresses actions that are going to happen in the future, and it is often used interchangeably with simple future tense.
- We are going to have a barbecue on Saturday.
- I am going to tell him what I really think.
- The Cubs are going to win the World Series this year.
Of course, it is also possible to use go as an ordinary present progressive tense verb.
- I am going to the movies with Lisa.