In a sentence or a clause, the predicate includes the verb and any objects, modifiers, or complements. Basically, the predicate is anything other than the subject. In these sentences, the verb is underlined, but the entire predicate is in boldface.
- Mr. O’Malley will coach the soccer team next year.
- An unexpected winter storm damaged citrus crops throughout Florida.
- Our softball team is trying to raise money to buy new uniforms.
When the subject is followed by a linking verb, usually a form of the verb to be, the sentence has one of three special types of predicates: a predicate noun, a predicate adjective, or a predicate preposition.
A predicate noun is a noun that follows a linking verb and renames or identifies the subject. The predicate noun includes the noun and any words that modify it.
- Dr. Tranh is a dentist.
- Derek and Tim are the best runners on the cross-country team.
- The B Minor Mass was Bach’s masterpiece.
A predicate adjective is an adjective that follows a linking verb and describes the subject. The predicate adjective includes the adjective and any words that modify or explain it.
- Chocolate is delicious with raspberries.
- Adrian and his sister are very talented.
- This assignment is almost impossible to finish.
Both predicate nouns and predicate adjectives are considered subject complements. Subject complements rename, describe, identify, or explain the subject.
A predicate preposition is a prepositional phrase following to be that tells where the subject is.
- The hockey sticks are in the closet down the hall.
- Araceli is behind the door.
- Your glasses were on the table where you left them.