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Interrogative Pronouns

Interrogative pronouns introduce questions.

  • What is the answer?
  • Which color do you like best?

Interrogative pronouns are who/whom/whose, which, and what. The pronoun who/whom always refers to people, and whose indicates possession.

Remember that the same rules regarding who and whom as relative pronouns apply to them as interrogative pronouns. If the interrogative pronoun is the subject, use who; if it is the object, use whom.

  • Whom did you see there? (you saw whom → whom is the object)
  • Who brought the cake? (who brought it → who is the subject)
  • Whose sweater is this?

Which refers to one item out of a group, or a specific item.

  • Which puppy do you want to buy?
  • Which of the players is your son?
  • Which woman sang the solo?

What refers broadly to things, ideas, concepts, actions, or abstractions.

  • What are you doing?
  • What did he say?
  • What time is it?

Other interrogative words used to introduce questions are when, where, why, and how. These words act as adverbs rather than pronouns.

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