Table of contents
Adverbs answer the questions who, what, where, when, why, how, and how many in a sentence. They modify adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs.
|He is kind.||He acted kindly towards me.|
|She plays a beautiful tune.||She plays tunes beautifully.|
|They were a quick team.||The team played quickly.|
- Chad answered the door sadly, knowing the mailman brought bad news.
In this sentence, sadly modifies how Chad answered the door. More details are revealed about Chad’s demeanor as he went to the door. Who answered the door, and where he was when he answered the door are known. A good deal of information is provided about this one incident in a sentence.
Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs; they rarely modify nouns. They tell how something happens or how somebody does something.
Adverbs are often formed from adjectives or nouns by adding the suffix –ly. Quick becomes quickly, sudden becomes suddenly, intelligent becomes intelligently, anger becomes angrily.
|Pretty||She was a pretty girl.||Prettily||The bird sang prettily.|
|Serious||He was a serious boy.||Seriously||The policeman spoke seriously.|
|Fast||It was a fast car.||Fast||Schumaker drives fast.|
|Quiet||They were quiet children.||Quietly||The woman spoke quietly.|
Some adverbs modify a whole sentence, not just a part of one.
- Luckily the car stopped in time.
In this sentence, luckily modifies the whole sentence; it shows that it was good luck that the car stopped in time.